Peter Elder of Virginia

Etter Notes ─ Generation 1 ─ John and Mary Etter

John and Mary Etter's daughter Lydia Etter married Joshua6 Elder (notes).


Summary

John Etter was born in 1760 in Pennsylvania. He served in the 1st Virginia Dragoons in the Revolutionary War. He married Mary King in Brunswick County, Virginia in 1788. They lived in Brunswick County, Northampton County, North Carolina (adjacent to Brunswick), then moved to Rutherford County, Tennessee, about 1814. Based on Census and Probate records, they had at least six children. Mary Etter died before 1820 and John Etter died in 1851 in Rutherford County, Tennessee.


Records

These are the principal records for John and Mary Elizabeth Etter:

  1. John Etter served as Private in the 1st Regiment, Light Dragoons, Continental Troops:

    He received a certificate for the full balance of his pay, £55-18-3, on 17 Jan 1786 [Compiled Service Records of Soldiers Who Served in the American Army during the Revolutionary War, Microfilm Series M881, Roll 15, Continental Troops – 1st Regiment, Lt. Dragoons, E-J (National Archives)]

    John Etter, Private, Virginia Continental Line, Term=War, received Warrant number 4083 for 200 acres dated 18 Jan 1786 [Wilson, Catalog of Revolutionary Soldiers and Sailors of the Commonwealth of Virginia to Whom Bounty Land Warrants Were Granted by Virginia for Military Service in the War for Independence, page 26]

  2. John Etter married Mary King, daughter of Henry King, in Brunswick County, Virginia; bond dated 27 Dec 1788; security Jesse Felts [Fothergill, Marriage Records of Brunswick County, Virginia , 1730-1852, page 35] [record]
     
  3. Molly Betsey Etter (daughter) is named in the will of Henry King dated 5 Jan 1790 and proved 24 Jan 1791; John Etter is mentioned in the inventory and account of the estate of Henry King [Brunswick County, Virginia, Will Book 5, pages 398 and 461-464; Microfilm Reel 21, Library of Virginia] [record | abstract]
     
  4. John Etter appeared in Land Tax lists of Brunswick County, Virginia 1794-1799 with 117 acres; I didn't find him after that [Land Tax Records, 1782-1799, Brunswick County, Virginia, Microfilm Reel 45; 1800-1815, Reel 46; Library of Virginia]
     
  5. John Etter appeared in Personal Property Tax lists of Brunswick County, Virginia in 1804 (1-1-0-1) and 1805 (1-1-0-2) [Personal Property Tax, 1799-1815, Brunswick County, Virginia, Microfilm Reel 57, Library of Virginia]
     
  6. John Etter appeared as Head of Family in each U.S. Census of Population from 1790 to 1850 [records]:

    1790 Population Census [1790 Census of United States, Northampton County, North Carolina, Microfilm series M637, Roll 7, page 565]

    Free white males 16 and over 1
    Free white males under 16 1
    Free white females 1
    Other free persons 0
    Slaves 1

    1800 Population Census [1800 Census of United States, Northampton County, North Carolina, Microfilm series M32, Roll 34, page 439]

    Age
    Range
    Free
    White
    Males
    Free
    White
    Females
    Under 10 1 4
    10 – 15 0 0
    16 – 25 0 0
    26 – 44 1 1
    45 & over 0 0

    Number of slaves = 9

    1810 Population Census [1810 Census of United States, Northampton County, North Carolina, Microfilm series M252, Roll 42, page 120]

    Age
    Range
    Free
    White
    Males
    Free
    White
    Females
    Under 10 0 2
    10 – 15 0 2
    16 – 25 0 1
    26 – 44 0 0
    45 & over 1 1

    Number of slaves = 7

    1820 Population Census [1820 Census of United States, Rutherford County, Tennessee, Microfilm series M33, Roll 124, page 104]

    Age
    Range
    Free
    White
    Males
    Free
    White
    Females
    Under 10 0 0
    10 – 15 0 1
    16 – 18 0
    16 – 25 0 2
    26 – 44 0 0
    45 & over 1 0

    Number of slaves = 12

    1830 Population Census [1830 Census of United States, Rutherford County, Tennessee, Microfilm series M19, Roll 179, page 340]

    1830 Census Under 5 5 - 9 10 - 14 15 - 19 20 - 29 30 - 39 40 - 49 50 - 59 60 - 69 70 - 79
    Males 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
    Females 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0

    Number of slaves = 22; number of free colored = 2

    1840 Population Census (John Eatter) [1840 Census of United States, Rutherford County, Tennessee, Microfilm series M704, Roll 533, page 62]

    1840 Census Under 5 5- 9 10- 14 15- 19 20- 29 30- 39 40- 49 50- 59 60- 69 70- 79 80- 89
    Males 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
    Females 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

    Number of slaves = 24; number of free colored = 3

    1850 Population Census (Jno Etter) [1850 Census of United States, Rutherford County, Tennessee, Jefferson District; enumeration date 21 Sep 1850, Microfilm series M432, Roll 894, page 380]

    Names Age Sex Occupation Value-
    Real Estate
    Birthplace
    Jno Etter 90 M Farmer 15000 PA
    Sterling B. Boring 26 M Carpenter TN

    Number of slaves = 33.

  7. These Etter children married in Rutherford County, Tennessee:

    11 Jan 1817 (bond) – Amos Boring married Nancy Etter

    12 Dec 1818 (bond) – Eli Smith married Elizabeth Etter

    29 Jan 1824 (bond) – Joshua Elder married Lydia Etter [record]

    [Tennessee, Rutherford County Marriage Record, Volume 1, 1804-1837, pages ?]

  8. David Ledbetter sold 253 acres of land to John Etter, on the east side of Stewarts Creek, adjoining Moses Shelby, John Davis, Bowen; witnesses Wm. Ledbetter and B. Gannaway; dated 22 Apr 1822, registered 8 Oct 1822 [Marsh & Marsh, Land Deed Genealogy of Rutherford County, Tennessee, Volume III, 1819-1823, page 229; Deed Book O, page 250]
     
  9. William Bowman sold 50 acres of land to John Etter for $500, on the West side of Stewart's Creek adjoining Carey James; dated 1 Oct 1824 and recorded 12 Sep 1829 [Rutherford County, Tennessee, Deeds, 1824-1832, Book S, page 44, LDS microfilm number 0377686]
     
  10. John Davis sold 389¼ acres of land to John Etter for $4700, on Stewart's Creek adjoining E. Bowen, turnpike road, William Wills, Etter, Davis, John Buchanan; dated 27 Apr 1837 and recorded 5 Sep 1837 [Rutherford County, Tennessee, Deeds, 1834-1838, Book W, page 334, LDS microfilm number 0377687]
     
  11. John Etter sold one acre of land for $5 to trustees of the Methodist Episcopal Church, including Cary James, for a church site on the Nashville Pike, dated 20 Apr 1843, registered 17 Oct 1843 [Acklen, Tennessee Tombstone Inscriptions and Manuscripts, pages 450-451 (Google Books)]
     
  12. John Etter, Dragoon, received semi-annual pension payments of $50 beginning Mar 1835 and ending Mar 1852 (because of his death 19 Feb 1851) [Pension Payments, Nashville, Tennessee] [record]
     
  13. John Etter's petition to free slaves Phillis (age about 40) and her daughter Chancey was approved; they were given permission to live in Rutherford County, free from penalties of the Act of 1831, Chapter 102; 2 Apr 1849 [Rutherford County, Tennessee, Minutes, 1847-1858, Book AA, page 137, LDS microfilm number 0379627]
     
  14. John Etter appeared as a slave owner in Jefferson District, Rutherford County, Tennessee, with 33 slaves [1850 United States Census (Slave Schedule) [record]
     
  15. John Etter appeared in the Census of Agriculture for Rutherford County, Tennessee, in 1850:

    Acres of land: 300 improved; 450 unimproved
    Cash value of farm: $15000
    Value of farm implements: $150
    Livestock: horses-7; mules-6; milch cows-17; oxen-4; other cattle-10; sheep-41; swine-150 (year ending 1 Jun 1850)
    Value of livestock: $1262
    Produce: Indian corn-1250 bu.; ginned cotton-64 bales (400 lbs each); wool-60 lb.; Irish potato-100 bu.; sweet potato-200 bu.; butter-500 lb.
    Value of homemade manufactures: $60
    Value of animals slaughtered $270

    Enumeration date 21 Sep 1850

    [Non-population Census Schedule, 1850-1880, 1850-Agriculture, Montgomery-Smith Counties, Microfilm series T1135, Box 4, Roll 18, Rutherford County, Jefferson District, page 477 (National Archives)]

  16. John Etter's grave was on the farm of Womack Peebles, Nashville Road; the stone said "Sacred to the memory of John Etter, a Revolutionary soldier, born June 1760; died Feb 19, 1851" [Acklen, page 354 (see 11)]
     
  17. The estate of John Etter was divided equally among his surviving children Lydia J. Elder, Elizabeth Smith, Lucy E. Walden and Dorothy Pope, and children of his deceased daughter Nancy Boring (who split her share); Lydia's share was 134 acres and 6 slaves; recorded 9 Apr 1853 [Rutherford County, Tennessee, Record Books, 1851-1856, Book 16, pages 359-363] [record | abstract]
     
  18. "LIDDIE J. ELDER w/o J. W. Elder, Rutherford Co., Tenn., d April 16, 1870; born Brunswick Co., Va., Feb. 14, 1798; in 1814 moved with parents to Tenn. where she md January 14 (sic-actually 24), 1824." [Nashville Christian Advocate, Volume 30, #17. April 30, 1870, page 33; see Abstracts from Methodist Publications: http://www.tngenweb.org/records/tn_wide/obits/nca/nca3-05.htm]

Click on a link to see an abstract or copy of the record.

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Discussion of Records

What can one learn from these records?

Birth

John Etter was born in June 1760 (record 16) in Pennsylvania (1850 Census).

Family

John Etter's parents are unknown.

Marriage

John Etter married Mary King in Brunswick County, Virginia, in 1788 (record 2).

Wife's Family

Mary King was the daughter of Henry King (record 2, record 3). Her mother probably was Hannah King, who was Henry's wife when he wrote his will (record 3). I haven't found a marriage record for the Kings.

Children

Census records (1790 to 1810) indicate as many as 2 sons and six daughters. Probate records (record 17) yield these five daughters:

Lydia J. – born 14 Feb 1798 in Brunswick County, Virginia (record 18); married Joshua Elder (record 7)
Elizabeth – born X; married Eli Smith (record 7)
Lucy E. – born 23 Jun 1800; married John Walden (record 17); died 28 Nov 1852 [Aklen, Bible Records and Marriage Bonds, page 319 (Google Books)]
Dorothy – born X; married John Pope (record 17); she resided with Joshua and Lydia Elder at 1860 Census
Nancy – born X; married Amos Boring (record 7); died before 1850 Census

There were four daughters surviving at the time of the 1850 Census [record].

Residences

John Etter lived in Brunswick County, Virginia, Northampton County, North Carolina and Rutherford County, Tennessee. The Etters moved to Rutherford County in 1814 (record 18).

Death

John Etter died 19 Feb 1851 in Rutherford County, Tennessee (record 12 and record 16).

Wife's death

Mary Etter seems to have died between 1814, when the family moved to Tennessee, and 1820.

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Land

I haven't investigated John Etter's property (if any) in North Carolina. Here's a list of transactions in Rutherford County [Rutherford County, Tennessee, Index to Deeds & Mortgages, 1804-1890, Microfilm reel 103, Tennessee State Library and Archives]:

Parties to Deed Book Page
Etter, John to S. H. Laughlin O 446
Etter, John from D. Ledbetter #8 O 250
Etter, John from Isaac Searcy Q 166
Etter, John from William Bowman #9 S 44
Etter, John to Elizabeth Smith X 262
Etter, John to John H. Robinson & Jesse Sikes X 598
Etter, John from John Davis #10 W 334
Etter, John from Luckett Davis Jr. Z 203
Etter, John to Cary James & others #11 1 355
Etter, John from Levi Wade 1 189
Etter, John from Levi Wade 3 47
Etter, John from John Hailey 3 56

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Associates

Cary James (record 9, record 11) - from Brunswick County, Virginia.

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Other Etters

[to be added]

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Contemporary Events

John Etter fought in the War for American Independence.

John Etter lived under Presidents from George Washington to Millard Fillmore (13). Presidents Andrew Jackson and James K. Polk from Tennessee were elected during his lifetime.

Tennessee was admitted to the Union in 1796 as the 16th state. The state capitol, at Knoxville from 1796 to 1812, moved to Nashville from 1812 to 1817, then returned briefly to Knoxville. From 1818 to 1826 the General Assembly met in Murfreesboro (in Rutherford County), and in 1826 the capitol moved to its permanent site in Nashville.

With the opening of former Indian lands, and the heavy migration into the state, the period from 1806 to 1819 was one of prosperity and rapid development in Tennessee.

On January 8th, 1815, Andrew Jackson and his troops from Tennessee defeated the British army at the Battle of New Orleans.

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References

[to be added]

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