Peter Elder of Virginia

Elder Notes ─ Generation 7 ─ Henry and Ann Elder


Summary

Henry7 Elder (Joshua6, James5, Joseph4, William3, Peter2, Peter1) was born about 1832 in Rutherford County, Tennessee, to parents Joshua W. and Lydia J. Elder. He married Ann Eliza Brown in Davidson County, Tennessee, in 1859; based on Census records, Henry and Ann had at least 8 children. Ann Elder died about 1892. Henry married Lilly R. Crittinden in 1900. He died in 1918 in Maury County, Tennessee, where he was living with his son Nathaniel and family.


Records

These are the principal records for Henry and Ann Elder:

  1. Henry Elder appeared in the household of Joshua and Lydia J. Elder in the 1850 Census of Rutherford County, Tennessee:

    [1850 Census of United States, Rutherford County, Tennessee, Jefferson District, enumeration date 21 Sep 1850, Microfilm series M432, Roll 894, page 380] [record]

    Name Age Sex Occupation Value -
    Real Estate
    Birthplace
    Joshua Elder 55 M Farmer 1100 VA
    Lydia J. Elder 52 F NC
    Mary E. Elder 24 F TN
    Wm. Elder 22 M Farmer TN
    Edmund Elder 21 M Farmer TN
    Jane Elder 16 F TN
    Henry Elder 17 M Farming TN
    Jas. Elder 15 M TN
    Benja Elder 13 M TN
    Levi Elder 11 M TN
    Eliza Elder 9 F TN
    Geo. Elder 7 M TN
    Jno. Elder 4 M TN

  2. Ann E. Brown appeared in the household of Nathaniel and Catherine Brown in the 1850 Census of Davidson County, Tennessee:

    [1850 Census of United States, Davidson County, Tennessee, Civil District 5, enumeration date 6 Sep 1850, Microfilm series M432, Roll 875, page 192] [record]

    Name Age Sex Occupation Value -
    Real Estate
    Birthplace
    Nathl Brown 40 M Bellows Maker 4500 VA
    Cathe Brown 34 F KY
    Anne E. Brown 17 F TN
    Andr Brown 9 M TN
    Nathl Brown 7 M TN
    Charlotte Brown 5 F TN
    Henry C. Brown 3 M TN
    Chas Brown 6/12 M TN
    Jas Bowen 24 M Apprentice KY
    Elbert Green 18 M Labourer TN

  3. Henry Elder and Ann Eliza Brown married, license 1 Aug 1859, solemnized 2 Aug 1859, by S. E. Jones, M.G. [Davidson County, Tennessee, Marriage Records, Book 4, 1849-1863, page 286] [record]
     
  4. Henry Elder appeared as Head of Family in each U.S. Census of Population for Rutherford County, Tennessee, from 1860 to 1880 [record]:

    1860 Population Census [1860 Census of United States, Rutherford County, Tennessee, Civil District 6, Smyrna Post Office, enumeration date 22 Jul 1860, Microfilm series M653, Roll 1271, page 76]

    Name Age Sex Occupation Value -
    Real Estate
    Value -
    Personal Property
    Birthplace
    H. Elder 24 M Overseer 100 TN
    A. E. Elder 19 F TN
    H. Elder 2/12 M TN

    1870 Population Census [1870 Census of United States, Rutherford County, Tennessee, Civil District 20, Fosterville, Murfreesboro Post Office, enumeration date 6 Jul 1870, Microfilm series M593, Roll 1557, page 7]

    Name Age Sex Occupation Value -
    Real Estate
    Value -
    Personal Property
    Birthplace
    Elder, Henry 38 M Farmer 8000 1750 TN
    Elder, Ann E. 35 F Keeping House TN
    Elder, Henry 10 F At Home TN
    Elder, Fannie 6 F TN
    Elder, Anna 5 F TN
    Elder, Minnie 4 F TN
    Elder, Jennie 2 F TN
    Elder, Nathaniel 3/12 M TN

    1880 Population Census [1880 Census of United States, Rutherford County, Tennessee, Civil District 14, Christiana, Village of Jordans Valley, enumeration date 4 Jun 1880, Microfilm series T9, Roll 1276, page 252]

    Name Age Sex Relationship
    to head
    Occupation Birthplace-
    Self
    Birthplace-
    Father
    Birthplace-
    Mother
    Elder, Henry M. 47 M Dry Goods and
    Grocery Merchant
    TN VA VA
    Elder, Ann E. 46 F wife Keeping House TN NC IN
    Elder, Henry M. 20 M son Clerk in Store TN TN TN
    Elder, Ann E. 15 F dau At School TN TN TN
    Elder, Minnie H. 14 F dau At School TN TN TN
    Elder, Ginnie H. 12 F dau At School TN TN TN
    Elder, Nathaniel B. 10 M son At School TN TN TN
    Elder, Charlot F. 6 F dau At School TN TN TN
    Elder, Robbert S. 3 M son TN TN TN

  5. Debts ...
     
  6. Henry Elder appeared in the Census of Agriculture for 1870:

    Acres of land: 145 improved; 50 unimproved
    Cash value of farm: $8,000
    Value of farm implements: $100
    Livestock: horses-8; mules-3; milch cows-3; other cattle-5; sheep-20; swine-50
    Value of livestock: $1400
    Produce: Indian corn-90 bu.; oats-600 bu.; cotton-15 bales (450 lbs each); sweet potato-25 bu.; butter-250 lb.
    Value of homemade manufactures: $250
    Value of all farm products: $2375
    Enumeration date: ?

    [Non-population Census Schedule, 1850-1880, 1870-Agriculture, Microfilm series T1135, Roll 24, Rutherford County, Civil District 20, Post Office Murfreesboro (National Archives)]

  7. H. M. Elder gave merchant bonds to the State of Tennessee from 1877 to 1882 (taxes were based on capital invested; bonds ensured that taxes were paid)

    15 Jan 1877: H. M. Elder for 15 Jan 1877 to 15 Jan 1878; $900 capital invested; bond for $1000

    28 Feb 1878: H. M. Elder for 15 Jan 1878 to 15 Jan 1879; $900 capital invested

    24 Feb 1879: H. M. Elder and A. G. Price for 15 Jan 1879 to 15 Jan 1880; $900 capital invested

    10 Mar 1880: H. M. Elder and Frank White for 15 Jan 1880 to 15 Jan 1881; $900 capital invested

    2 Feb 1881: H. M. Elder and Frank White for 15 Jan 1881 to 15 Jan 1882; $500 capital invested

    [Rutherford County, Tennessee, Merchant Bonds, Feb 1873-Jan 1878, page 314; Feb 1877-Feb 1884, pages 77, 145, 232, 300 (LDS number 0434949)

  8. H. M. Elder Senior sold his one-eleventh share of land placed in trust by his mother Lydia J. Elder in 1869 to Henry M. Elder Junior, dated 15 Oct 1887, recorded 15 Oct 1887 [Rutherford County, Tennessee, Deed Book 29, page 435] [record]
     
  9. Ann Elder died about 1892. "I always heard them say my father was 15 years old when his mother died." [From correspondence: Martha Sparks (grand-daughter of Henry and Ann Elder, and daughter of Robert S. Elder Sr.) to Robert S. Elder III, 1978] [record, page 3]
     
  10. H. M. Elder married Lilly R. Crittinden on 6 June 1900 [Davidson County, Tennessee, Marriage Book 13, page 794; Nashville Public Library website - http://waldo.library.nashville.org:82/screens/nashopacmenu.html]
     
  11. H. M. Elder appeared as Head of Household in the 1900 U.S. Census of Population for Davidson County, Tennessee:

    [1900 Census of United States, Davidson County, Tennessee, Civil District 21, enumeration date 8 or 9 Jun 1900, Microfilm series T623, Roll 1566, page 270] [record]

    Name Age Birth
    Month
    Birth
    Year
    Sex Relationship
    to head
    Occupation Birthplace-
    Self
    Birthplace-
    Father
    Birthplace-
    Mother
    Elder, H. M. 68 Mar 1832 M Head Farmer TN TN TN
    Elder, Lilly R. 35 Apr 1865 F wife Keeping House TN TN TN
    Elder, R. S. 24 Apl 1876 M son Clerk in Store TN TN TN
    Elder, M. T. 23 Nov 1876 F d-l At School TN TN TN
    Elder, W. L. 1 Nov 1898 M gson TN TN TN
    Ross, John 50 Mar 1850 M servant Farm Laborer TN TN TN
    Nelson, Thomas 34 Feb 1866 M servant Farm Laborer TN TN TN

  12. Lillie R. Crittenden Elder, age 42, born 12 Dec 1864 in Davidson County, Tennessee, daughter of T. P. Crittenden and Sallie M. Warren, died 19 Oct 1907 in Nashville, Davidson County, Tennessee [Tennessee Deaths and Burials, 1874-1955, FamilySearch].
     
  13. Henry M. Elder appeared with son Nathaniel B. Elder in the 1910 Census of Davidson County:

    [1910 Census of United States, Davidson County, Tennessee, Civil District 5, enumeration date 7 May 1910, Microfilm series T624, Roll 1496, page 121] [record]

    Name Age Sex Relationship
    to head
    Occupation Birthplace-
    Self
    Birthplace-
    Father
    Birthplace-
    Mother
    Elder, Nathaniel B. 40 M head Merchant TN TN TN
    Elder, Maggie 40 F wife None TN TN TN
    Elder, Margarite 11 F dau None TN TN TN
    Elder, Henry M. 76 M father ? TN TN TN
    ?, William 5 M nephew None AL KY TN
    ?, Edward 2 M nephew None AL KY TN

  14. Henry M. Elder died 24 Nov 1818 in Mt. Pleasant, Civil District 7, Maury County, Tennessee; born 19 Oct (no year), age 86; parents Joshwell Elder and Leathie Etta; buried/removed to Nashville 26 Nov 1918; Undertaker Irvin Brothers of Mt. Pleasant; informant N. B. Elder [Death Certificate, State of Tennessee, Department of Public Health] [record]

Click on a link to see an abstract or copy of the record.

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Discussion of Records

What can one learn from these records?

Birth

Henry Elder probably was born in Rutherford County, Tennessee, on 19 Oct 1832 based on ages given in Census records and his death certificate (record 14).

Family

Henry Elder's parents were Joshua6 and Lydia Etter Elder (record 8, record 14). For more information on them see Joshua Elder notes.

Marriage

Henry Elder married Ann Eliza Brown in Davidson County, Tennessee, in 1859 (record 3); he married Lilly R. Crittinden in Davidson County, Tennessee, in 1900 (record 10).

Wife's Family

Ann E. Brown was the daughter of Nathaniel Brown and Catherine Bowen Brown. She probably was born in Davidson County, Tennessee, about 1834 (1850 and 1880 Censuses). For more information see Nathaniel Brown notes.

Children

Census records (1860, 1870 and 1880) show eight children:

Henry M. Elder
Fannie Elder
Ann E. Elder
Minnie Elder
Jennie Elder
Nathaniel B. Elder
Charlotte F. Elder
Robert S. Elder

Residences

Henry Elder lived in Rutherford, Davidson and Maury Counties in Tennessee (Censuses and death certificate).

Death

Henry Elder died 24 Nov 1918 in Maury County, Tennessee (record 14).

Wife's death

Ann E. Elder died about 1892 based on recollections of her grand-daughter (record 9).

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Land

[to be added]

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Associates

[to be added]

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Other Elders

There was another Henry Elder in Davidson County ...

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Contemporary Events

Henry Elder lived 86 years. He lived under Presidents from Andrew Jackson to Woodrow Wilson.

The most traumatic public occurrence of his life was the American Civil War. The Battles of Murfreesboro, Stones River and Nashville were fought not far from where he lived at the time.

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References

[to be added]

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