Peter Elder of Virginia

Adams Notes ─ Generation 3 ─ James M. and Nancy Adams


Summary

James Madison Adams was born in 1816 in Wayne (then Ontario) County, New York. Nancy Jane Westbrook was born in 1819, also in New York. They married and lived in Wayne County, Michigan, then moved to Ingham County, Michigan. They had 10 children. He died in 1899 in Williamston, Michigan. She died in 1903 Battle Creek, Michigan.


Records

These are the principal records for James M. and Nancy Adams:

  1. James Madison Adams was born 3 Feb 1816 in Wayne County, New York to parents William and Mary Adams [Bible record of Sally Ann Adams Cook (his sister)] [record]
     
  2. J. M. Adams witnessed the sale of land by William Adams and wife Mary to Thomas H. Johnson, 80 acres in Wheatland Township, Hillsdale County, Michigan Territory, dated 23 Aug 1836 and recorded 14 Oct 1839 [Hillsdale County, Michigan, Deed Book E, pages 495-496] [record]
     
  3. James M. Adames appeared as head of household in the 1840 Census of Wayne County, Michigan [record]:

    [Census of United States, Wayne County, Michigan, Plymouth Township, Microfilm series M704, Roll 212, page 317]

    1840 Census Under 5 5- 9 10- 14 15- 19 20- 29 30- 39 40- 49 50- 59 60- 69
    Males 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
    Females 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0

  4. Jennet Woodruff of Plymouth Township purchased from James M. Adams and wife Nancy of Plymouth Township on 12 Mar 1841 (recorded 4 Nov 1841): 1 acre in Plymouth Township, part of Section 27 on Sutton Road, witnessed by H. A. Noyes and Louis A. Fuller; 10 acres in Plymouth Township, off the SW corner of the NW quarter of Section 35 [Michigan WPA Vital Records Project, Wayne County, Michigan, Land Transfers, volume 20, pages 335 and 337 (at DAR)]
     
  5. Two children of J. M. and N. J. Adams were buried in Riverside Cemetery, Plymouth, Michigan:

    Daughter Caroline E. Adams, born 22 May 1841, died 12 Sep 1844

    Son William Adams born 10 Jan 1842, died 10 Aug 1844

    [Burial Records of Plymouth, Michigan, Riverside Cemetery, at http://wayne.migenweb.net/riverside.htm]

  6. James M. Adams appeared as head of household in the 1850 Census of Wayne County, Michigan [record]:

    [Census of United States, Wayne County, Michigan, Plymouth Township, enumeration date 15 Oct 1850, Microfilm series T432, Roll 366, page 391]

    Names Age Sex Occupation Value -
    Real Estate
    Birthplace
    James M. Adams 35 M Farmer 2000 NY
    Nancy J. Adams 30 F NY
    Mary A. Adams 12 F MI
    Donna M. Adams 10 F MI
    Isadora L. Adams 5 F MI
    John A. Adams 3 M MI
    Isaac W. Adams 1 M MI
    William S. Adams 22 M farming mill maker NY
    John Conner 25 M laborer MI

  7. James M. Adams appeared as head of household in the 1860 Census of Wayne County, Michigan [record]:

    [1860 Census of United States, Wayne County, Michigan, Town of Plymouth, enumeration date 18 Jun 1860, Microfilm series T653, Roll 564, page 530]

    Names Age Sex Occupation Value -
    Real Estate
    Value -
    Personal Property
    Birthplace
    James M. Adams 43 M Farmer 4400 1925 NY
    Nancy Adams 40 F H. Keeper NY
    Mary A. Adams 22 F H. Keeper MI
    Donna M. Adams 20 F H. Keeper MI
    Isadora Adams 14 F MI
    Alfred Adams 12 M MI
    Isaac Adams 10 M MI
    Marcus Adams 8 M MI
    Charles Adams 5 M MI
    Bion Adams 3 M MI
    James Albough 26 M H. Man NY
    Wm Adams 4/12 M MI

  8. James Albaugh and Isadora Adams, both of Plymouth, married on 1 Oct 1861 in Wayne County, Michigan; witnesses James Adams and John Rodgers [Marriage Records from the Archives of Wayne County, Michigan, Michigan WPA Vital Records Project, 1936, volume 1, page 13 (at DAR)]
     
  9. James Adams appeared as head of household in the 1870 Census of Ingham County, Michigan [record]:

    [1870 Census of United States, Ingham County, Michigan, Wheatfield, Post Office Dansville, enumeration date 29 Jul 1870, Microfilm series T593, Roll 675, page 306]

    Names Age Sex Color Occupation Value -
    Real Estate
    Value -
    Personal Property
    Birthplace
    Adams, James 54 M W Farmer 4000 1149 NY
    Adams, Nancy J. 51 F W Keeping House NY
    Adams, Isaac W. 20 M W At Home MI
    Adams, James B. 13 M W At Home MI

  10. James M. Adams appeared in Censuses of Agriculture in Michigan from 1850 to 1870:

    1850 Agriculture Census, Plymouth Township, Wayne County, Michigan
    Acres of land: ? improved; 20 unimproved
    Cash value of farm: $200
    Value of farm implements: $200
    Livestock: horses-1; milch cows-3; other cattle-4; sheep-32; swine-3 (year ending 1 Jun 1850)
    Value of livestock: $174
    Produce: Wheat-70 bu.; Indian corn-250 bu.; oats-150 bu.; wool-100 lb.; Irish potato-40 bu.; buckwheat-25 bu.; butter-200 lb.; hay-12 tons; beeswax and honey-50 lb.
    Value of orchard products: $100
    Enumeration date: 14 Oct 1850
    [Non-population Census Schedule Michigan, 1850-1880, 1850-Agriculture, Ottawa-Washtenaw (?) Counties, Microfilm series T1164 #4, page 453 (National Archives)]

    1860 Agriculture Census, Plymouth Township, Wayne County, Michigan
    Acres of land: 85 improved; 25 unimproved
    Cash value of farm: $4,400
    Value of farm implements: $225
    Livestock: horses-4; milch cows-5; other cattle-4; sheep-45; swine-10 (year ending 1 Jun 1860)
    Value of livestock: $675
    Produce: wheat-250 bu.; Indian corn-500 bu.; oats-139 bu.; wool-144 lb.; Irish potato-250 bu.; barley-40 bu.; buckwheat-25 bu.; butter-500 lb.; hay-10 tons
    Value of orchard products: $50
    Value of animals slaughtered: $70
    Enumeration date: 19 Jun 1860
    [Non-population Census Schedule, 1850-1880, 1860-Agriculture, Tuscola-Wayne, Microfilm series T1164 #12, page 9 (National Archives)]

    1870 Agriculture Census, Wheatfield Township, Ingham County, Michigan
    Acres of land: 70 improved; 90 unimproved
    Cash value of farm: $4,000
    Value of farm implements: $195
    Livestock: horses-3; milch cows-2; other cattle-4; sheep-50; swine-4 (year ending 1 Jun 1870)
    Value of livestock: $654
    Produce: winter wheat-451 bu.; Indian corn-150 bu.; oats-178 bu.; wool-225 lbs; Irish potato-100 bu.; butter-250 lb.; hay-6 tons
    Value of animals slaughtered or sold: $230
    Value of all farm production including betterments and additional stock: $1027 Enumeration date: 28 Jul 1870
    [Non-population Census Schedule, 1850-1880, 1870-Agriculture, Ingham County, Microfilm series T1164 #18, page 7 (National Archives)]

  11. James M. Adams appeared as head of household in the 1880 Census of Ingham county, Michigan [record]:

    [Census of United States, Ingham County, Michigan, Williamston Township, Village of Williamston, enumeration date 3 Jun 1880, Microfilm series T9, Roll 583, page 581]

    Name Age Sex Relationship
    to head
    Occupation Birthplace -
    Self
    Birthplace -
    Father
    Birthplace -
    Mother
    Adams, James M. 64 M hayrack maker NY not known PA
    Adams, Nancy J. 61 F wife Keeping House NY PA PA

  12. James M. Adams appeared in the Lansing and Ingham County Directory, Polk [Library of Congress]:
     
    Year Data Page
    1883 Adams, James M., carp, Williamston 137
    1887 Adams, James M., carpenter, Williamston 236
    1892 Adams, James M., carriage mnfr n s Grand Rapids 2 e Cedar,
    res n s Middle 3 e of Cedar, Williamston
    342

  13. Isaac W. Adams died 16 Oct 1883 in Leroy, Ingham County, Michigan; age 36, born in Michigan, married, farmer; father James M. Adams and mother Mrs. Adams, of Williamston [record]
     
  14. James M. Adams died 4 Nov 1899 in Williamston, Ingham County, Michigan; age 83, born in New York, married at age 21, father of 10 children with 6 living, carpenter; father Wm Adams born New York and mother Nancy Jane Westbrook born New York (wrong - this is his wife); informant J. B. Adams [record]
     
  15. The obituary of James Madison Adams says he was born and married Nancy Westbrook in New York; he moved to Williamston from his farm south of town when the house burned down in 1869 [Michigan Pioneer and Historical Collections, volume 29 (1899-1900), page 434] [record]
     
  16. Nancy J. Adams, widow, resided in the household of her son John A. Adams in the 1900 Census of Mecosta County, Michigan [record]:

    [1900 Census of United States, Mecosta County, Michigan, Morton Township, Mecosta Village, enumeration date 14 Jun 1900, Microfilm series T623, Roll 731, page 182]

    Name Age Birth
    Month
    Birth
    Year
    Sex Relationship
    to head
    Occupation Birthplace-
    Self
    Birthplace-
    Father
    Birthplace-
    Mother
    Adams, John A. 52 Sep 1847 M head Painter MI NY NY
    Adams, Cornelia 53 Apr 1847 F wife NY NY NY
    Adams, Nancy J. 81 Mar 1819 F mother NY NY NY

    Number of years married Cornelia = 33; 3 of 5 children living.

  17. Nancy Jane Adams died 20 Aug 1903 in Battle Creek, Calhoun County, Michigan; age 84, born in New York on 10 May 1819, widow, married at age 17, mother of 10 children with 6 living; father Hiram Westbrook born New York and mother unknown born New York; place of burial Williamston; informant C. G. Hutchinson [record]. Hutchinson married Nancy Adam's granddaughter Ida, daughter of Donna Adams Eldred.
     
  18. Mark L. Adams (farming, age 69, born Wayne County, resident of St. Louis, Gratiot County), son of James M. Adams and Nancy Jane Westbrook, married Jane Richmond (age 71, born Shiawassee County, resident of St. Louis, Gratiot County) in Gratiot County, Michigan, on 26 Nov 1921 [record]

Click on a link to see an abstract or copy of the record.

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Discussion of Records

What can one learn from these records?

Birth

James M. Adams was born in New York, probably Wayne (then Ontario) County, in 1816 (record 1).

Family

His father was William Adams (record 1, record 14) and his mother Mary Adams (record 1). The death certificate of his sister Sally says their mother was Mary Stansell. More information on William and Mary Adams can be found here.

Marriage

James M. Adams and Nancy J. Westbrook married about 1837, based on the birth of their first child (record 6) and the statement that he married at age 21 (record 14) and she at age 17 (record 17).

Wife's Family

Nancy Westbrook was born in New York in 1819 (1900 Census says Mar 1819; record 17 says May 1819). Her father reportedly was Hiram Westbrook (record 17); her mother hasn't been identified.

Children

James M. and Nancy Adams had 10 children (record 17, record 5 and Censuses):

Mary A. Adams
Donna M. Adams
Caroline E. Adams
William Adams
Isadora Adams
John Alfred Adams
Isaac W. Adams
Marcus Lafayette Adams
Charles Adams
James B. Adams

Residences

James M. Adams lived in Wayne County, New York, and in Wayne and Ingham counties in Michigan. Nancy Adams also lived in these counties; she moved to Mecosta County, Michigan, after her husband died, and she died in Calhoun County, Michigan.

Death

James M. Adams died 4 Nov 1899 in Williamston, Ingham County, Michigan (record 14). His death certificate doesn't give the place of burial.

Wife's death

Nancy J. Adams died 10 May 1903 in Battle Creek, Calhoun County, Michigan (record 17). Her death certificate says she was buried in Williamston, but I haven't located the grave.

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Land

[to be added]

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Contemporary Events

[to be added]

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References

History of Plymouth, Michigan

Kenneth V. Zichi, A Brief History of Williamston, Michigan

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